There are a series of questions that you could use to

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Unformatted text preview: ikely to be effective Negative Transfer Likelihood of recalling previous experience is low. Far (Positive) Transfer 63 Figure 8.7 Standard versus Goal-free problem Statements B A Givens: 0 Angle AEB = 900 Angle BDA = 45 Angle BAE = 60 0 D C Line AD = 3 Line AB = 5 Line BC = 8.5 Standard Problem Statement Goal-free Problem Statement Use the givens to determine the area of Triangle ABC. Use the givens to calculate as many t o c alculate a s m any o f t he characteristics of Triangle ABC as possible. 64 Figure 8.8. Creating a Cognitive Strategy To create a cognitive strategy, you can begin by analyzing the learning task in terms of what successful learners do. There are a series of questions that you could use to accomplish this. 1. What is the task of interest? Students are having difficulty writing an essay test. They know the material, but fail to communicate effectively when they answer the essay questions. The goal is to create an information-processing analysis for answering essay questions effectively. 2. What do good learners do with a task like this? The task for this example is to brainstorm a list of techniques learners use to answer essay questions effectively. They read the question carefully and underline what they are to do. They overview the test and think about which questions to answer first They create a time schedule for taking the test. For example, if the questions are equally weighted and there are four of them, take allotted time and divide it into fourths. They write down key ideas they want to address or if time allows they outline. They make sure that they answer the question that has been asked. They proofread their answers if time allows. 3. Order the techniques into a logical sequence and if possible, combine some techniques into a single step. Planning overview the questions select the order in which they will be written create a time schedule Read Read for what the question is asking. Outline Write down key words. Outline if time allows Write Keep the question in mind Make sure to touch on key ideas that have been listed Look Over Proofread and correct Did I answer the question? 4. Create an acronym to help students remember the steps. (PROWL)...
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