3 the limitations of students working memory the

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Unformatted text preview: erything on a pre-test.. Here is how 41 Octavio Morales does some informal pre-testing with his kindergartners early in the year. ⇒ “When children come into my class on the first day of class, I greet them and tell them I have a hook for their jackets and a cubicle with their names under it for their other stuff. I ask them to see if they can find them. This way I know if they can recognize their own name in print.” Principle 3.3: The Limitations of Students’ Working Memory The issue of limited working memory capacity also figures prominently in Gagne+ s discussions of conditions of learning. For example, Gagne+ recommends that you present verbal information in short and manageable chunks. Also, pace instruction so that students have time to rehearse and understand information during your lessons. Here is how Susan Moreno addresses this with her seventh grade social studies students. ⇒ ‘When I prepare to teach a unit on American history, I look over the list of events and terms at the end of the chapter. I find ways to group topics so that we are focusing on a few events each day with plenty of time for practice activities and review.” An understanding of working memory limitations is also important for intellectual skill learning. Some procedures involve a large number of steps or decisions, some rules have complicated conditions for their use, and some 42 concepts are very broad. Teach complicated procedures in chunks or parts, and focus on a limited number of concept examples and non-examples at one time when teaching a broad concept. Some complex intellectual skill learning requires that the sub-skills be coordinated and integrated. In that case, it may be better to teach the whole skill, but to use simple applications of that skill at first (van Merrienboer, Clark, & De Croock, 2002). Worked examples that show the sequence of steps for applying a skill can also be useful for managing working memory load (Sweller & Cooper, 1985). When studen...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

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