According to gropper 1983 concept learning requires

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Unformatted text preview: mal is a concept that includes animals that possess certain characteristics such as being warm blooded. Above is a concept that represents a particular spatial relationship. According to Gropper (1983), concept learning requires that students learn the concept’s definition, that they are able to use that definition to discriminate nonexamples from examples of the concept, and that they are be able to use that 23 definition to identify all encountered examples as fitting in the concept category (generalization). In the case of a concept lesson on triangles, students would need to learn that triangles are geometric shapes with three sides, and they would need to be able to differentiate triangles from rectangles and ovals. Also, they would need to be able to recognize that although right triangles, acute triangles, and equilateral triangles are somewhat different in appearance, they are all still examples of triangles. The routine treatments for a concept lesson would consist of the following. • The lesson should contain a definition of the concept, and possibly some guidelines to help students distinguish between related concepts. For example, “A noun is a part of speech that indicates person, place, thing or idea. It is different from a verb because...” • Students need to be provided with examples and non-examples of the concept. In the case of a concept lesson on nouns, they would be shown various examples of the different categories of nouns and nonexamples would be selected from other parts of speech like verbs. • Students should be given practice that requires them to state the definition and to categorize or produce examples of the concept correctly. For example, they may be asked to circle the nouns in their own writing. 24 The selection of examples and non-examples is an extremely important part of a concept lesson for helping students avoid misconceptions. Overgeneralization and undergeneralization are two common errors students make in concept learning if examples and n...
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