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Unformatted text preview: s provided in Figure 9.1 (appears
at the end of the chapter) are very consistent with a constructivist view of
Piagetian theory and DAP. Piagetian stage theory has historically been
important in determining the types of learning experiences that are 44 developmentally appropriate for students of different ages. For example, Piagetian
theory suggests that there are developmental constraints on students’ thinking,
particularly in earlier stages. As you remember from Chapter 5, preoperational
children’s logic is characterized by egocentrism, centration, and irreversibility,
while Piagetians believe that abstract reasoning is difficult for students in the
concrete operational stage. Developmentally appropriate instruction based on
Piagetian stage theory would account for these constraints. In the case of concrete
operational students, for example, the suggestion has been made to postpone
science learning that requires inferential reasoning about a series of complex
variables until adolescence (Stone, 1996).
However, connecting Piagetian theoretical constructs and instructional
design has had some problems. First, even developmentalists recognize that it is
difficult to make assumptions about an individual student’s cognitive
development purely on the basis of her or his age (Bredekamp, Knuth, Kunesh &
Shulman, 1992; Kostelnik, 1993; NAEYP, 1996c). Students in the same age
cohort vary widely in terms of their cognitive development, possibly making a
lesson designed for students at a particular stage inappropriate for some and
appropriate for others..
Second, it is difficult to infer cognitive development directly from
students’ performances on various tasks designed to assess Piagetian
development. Children often have better capabilities than they show on these 45 tasks (Gelman & Baillargeon, 1983; National Association for the Education of
Young Children, 1996a; Stone, 1996; Siegler, 1991). Accurate assessment of
Piagetian stage development is difficult, making it problematic to use these data
to plan instruction....
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08
- The Bible