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For example, in the case of a lesson on triangles, you would want to
vary the internal angles while keeping the three-sided shape intact so
that students understand how triangles can vary in appearance. • In the case of a rule, help students understand the reason for the rule,
because it make the rule more meaningful and memorable. For
example, in a lesson on dividing fractions, explain to students why
they should invert the denominator before multiplying. • In the case of a procedural rule with multiple steps, focus students on
the steps that determine success or failure, or that have been difficult
for previous students. A third condition for intellectual skill learning is to provide sufficient
retrieval cues. This can be accomplished by presenting verbal cues for the
sequencing of component skills. For example, you could provide cue cards that
list the steps of a procedure, or create an acronym for the steps.
Finally, provide opportunities for effective practice of. intellectual skills.
Chapter 7 provides the behavioral view of effective practice, and here are
additional ideas that extend on the recommendations for practice provided in
Chapter 7 (Yelon, 1996). 36 • Effective practice allows every student to participate and to receive
feedback. For example, a teacher could give students small white
boards for math practice. When students have finished a math
problem, they can show their work to the teacher. • Effective practice aligns to how students need to recall or apply the
intellectual skill. T\Teach intellectual skills in terms of their intended
use. For example, show how an environmental science procedure is
used in the field. • Effective practice should provide opportunities to apply intellectual
skills in varied contexts, and the practice should be distributed over
time. The use of varied examples and practice contexts is very
important in facilitating transfer (Driscoll, 1994). Conditions for attitudes. The first condition of learning for attitudes is
that students need...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08
- The Bible