In general task analysis is the process of

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Unformatted text preview: by learners to perform a learning task (Seels & Glasgow, 1998). In general, task analysis is the process of identifying the component parts of a complex task (Alberto & Troutman, 1999; Wolfe, 1998). Although task analysis is also usually associated with behavioral learning theory, it may be the single most important process of any approach to instructional design (Jonassen, Tessmer & Hannum, 1999). Behavioral Learning Theory and Task Analysis The behavioral view of chaining is that complicated behaviors consist of a sequence of discrete behaviors that are linked or chained together. The effective teaching of complicated behaviors requires teachers to identify the individual behaviors in a chain. Procedural analysis and learning hierarchy analysis are two forms of task analysis that can be used to identify the links in behavioral chains. Together they help you decide how a particular behavior is performed, and the required prerequisite behaviors for the target behavior. Procedural analysis. Procedural analysis results in a sequence of steps for completing a particular task. To complete a procedural analysis, simply list the 14 component skills or steps of a complicated behavior in a sequence that leads to successful execution of that behavior (Parsons & Reid, 1999). For example, a sequence of steps for multiplying fractions or the steps for changing a flat tire would be procedural analyses for those tasks. The goal of a procedural analysis is to gain an understanding of how a particular learning task is done. By identifying the component parts of a complex task, you can make sure that important components or steps are not left out of instruction (Wolfe, 1998). Also, a procedural analysis can help you plan assessments to determine which component parts students have mastered or still need to learn (Reeves & Stein, 1999). Learning hierarchy analysis. In general, a learning hierarchy analysis is the process of identifying the sequence of prerequisite skills and knowledge for a particular learning t...
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