The explanation of the strategy should include a

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Unformatted text preview: ill perform a dive successfully. Conditions for cognitive strategies. Because cognitive strategies can be considered a subtype of intellectual skill, the conditions for learning intellectual skills are relevant to cognitive strategy learning with some adaptations First, many task specific strategies such as outlining or mnemonics can be taught well through demonstration and explanation. The explanation of the strategy should include a verbal description of how the strategy is being used and why it’s being used in this situation. Second, there should be opportunities to practice the strategy in different contexts and distributed across time. Teachers of different grade levels or content areas can help this by collaborating on the teaching of similar strategies (Derry & Murphy, 1986). Paula Romanowski, principal at Johnson Junior High School, does it this way. ⇒ “Rather than trying to teach 100 different strategies, our staff has identified five strategies that will be taught in each class, but for different purposes. We want our students to know a few strategies well.” 39 Third, strategy practice should include opportunities for informational feedback. This feedback should include information on the effectiveness, efficiency and/or creativity of the strategy use by the student. This is how Donald Perry addresses this in his high school science class. ⇒ “After I have demonstrated a science learning strategy and students have used it, we hold a class discussion about how they used it and how well it worked. I not only emphasize the successful uses, but we talk about how to improve less successful uses.” A comparison of Gagne and Gropper. You may have noticed a number of similarities between Gropper’s instructional treatments and Gagne’s conditions of learning. This is because both theories describe how instruction can be designed to teach specific types of behavior or knowledge. Combining the ideas from both theories can provide a comprehensive view of how to teach information, concept...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

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