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Unformatted text preview: ly education. Albany, NY: Delmar Publishers.
Jonassen, D. H., Tessmer, M., & Hannum, W. (1999). Handbook of task
analysis procedures. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Marlowe, B. A. & Page, M. L. (1998). Creating and sustaining the constructivist
Classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, Inc.
Torp, L. & Sage, S. (2002). Problems as possibilities problem-based learning for
k-16 education.(2nd ed.). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and
Curriculum Development 65 Chapter 9 Figures
Table 9.1. Gagne+ s hierarchy of intellectual skills. Intellectual Skill
Category Description Examples Discrimination Discriminations involve being able
to recognize that two events are
different, without necessarily
understanding the nature of the
They represent categories of object
features, objects, and events.
Concrete concepts can be pointed
to in the environment.
Defined concepts tend to be more
general and abstract than concrete
concepts. Students need to be able
to match examples to the definition
or list of characteristics. Defined
concepts are often hypothetical
constructs or agreed upon ideas
that are fundamental to the
structure of a discipline.
Rules and principles are
generalizations that we apply in
making sense of the world.
Relational rules often take the
form of an “if/then” construction.
Procedural rules are the steps for
executing a procedure. To
demonstrate an understanding of a
rule, students need to be able to
apply the procedure. Being able to discriminate
between the letters b and d to
read and write Higher order rules involve the
sequencing and application of
acquired rules, principles, and
concepts to meet the demands of Students combine various
principles and concepts of
science to develop a habitat
for an endangered species. Concrete Concept Defined Concepts Rules and
Principles Higher Order Rule Tree, dog, up, and table are
examples of concrete concepts Negative reinforcement,
democracy, and negative
numbers are examples of
defined concepts. Rela...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08
- The Bible