This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: n a
unique way, perhaps with a two letter code that changes. Group-oriented contingency systems. A group-oriented contingency
system is when management contingencies are applied to more than one person in
a group. There are three types of group-oriented contingency systems: dependent,
independent, and interdependent contingencies (Alberto & Troutman, 1999;
Litow and Pumroy, 1975; Theodore, Bray, Kehle, & Jenson, 2001). A dependent
group-oriented contingency system is when the same expectations are in effect
for all members of a group, but certain students’ behavior will result in the
consequences being applied to the whole group. For example, the whole class gets
extra free time if two students finish their assignments. The independent grouporiented contingency system is when the same expectations are in effect for the 22 whole group, but consequences are applied on an individual basis. An example of
this is a classroom token system in which each student can earn or lose tokens
based on her...
View Full Document
- Spring '08