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Unformatted text preview: try to extinguish a behavior it may worsen before it
improves. This is called the extinction burst. Also, some students may become
very angry and hostile at your attempts to take their reinforcement away, this
phenomenon is known as extinction induced aggression.
Finally, it may not be possible to identify or control all the reinforcers for
a behavior. You may decide to ignore a behavior, but family members and
siblings may continue to reinforce that same behavior. Consider Loretta Gordon’s
experience with one of her middle school English students.
• “I have been trying to extinguish John’s swearing. When I had a parent
conference, John’s mother and father swore at each other as a part of
their normal conversation. I knew why my attempts were unsuccessful,
and I needed to talk with them about how they could help me” Presentation punishment. AS noted in Chapter 2, presentation
punishment occurs when the likelihood of a behavior is decreased because that
behavior is followed by an aversive stimulus. Verbal reprimands or scoldings 25 are a commonly used form of presentatio...
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- Spring '08