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Unformatted text preview: by, 1998). In analyzing the antecedents for behaviors
you should identify “where, when, with whom, and under what conditions target
behaviors occur” (Simpson, 1998, p. 220). A clear understanding of antecedents
may help you prevent certain behaviors. For example, if you notice that a student
becomes frustrated and aggressive when a task is too hard, you could adjust task
difficulty, provide additional help, or provide additional time.
Functional analysis also involves the identification of the consequences that
are operating on behaviors. Interestingly, two students may engage in what
appears to be the same behavior, but for different reasons. For example, one
student may act out to earn the laughter of specific peers, while a second student
may engage in the same acting out behaviors to avoid difficult academic tasks.
These types of observational data help you plan an intervention that is specific to
the needs of a particular student.
When observing students’ behavior, you should also try to establish a
baseline, which is the level of students’ behavior before you intervene. Baseline
data allow you to judge whether or not your i...
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- Spring '08