Chapter 10

For example if you notice that a student becomes

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Unformatted text preview: by, 1998). In analyzing the antecedents for behaviors you should identify “where, when, with whom, and under what conditions target behaviors occur” (Simpson, 1998, p. 220). A clear understanding of antecedents may help you prevent certain behaviors. For example, if you notice that a student becomes frustrated and aggressive when a task is too hard, you could adjust task difficulty, provide additional help, or provide additional time. Functional analysis also involves the identification of the consequences that are operating on behaviors. Interestingly, two students may engage in what appears to be the same behavior, but for different reasons. For example, one student may act out to earn the laughter of specific peers, while a second student may engage in the same acting out behaviors to avoid difficult academic tasks. These types of observational data help you plan an intervention that is specific to the needs of a particular student. When observing students’ behavior, you should also try to establish a baseline, which is the level of students’ behavior before you intervene. Baseline data allow you to judge whether or not your i...
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