Chapter 10

For example rather than having the vague goal of

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Unformatted text preview: rs to modify (2) Observe the behavior (3) Apply a behavioral intervention (4) Monitor the success of that intervention Selecting and Defining Behaviors Applied behavior analysis begins with a specific definition of the target behavior. For example, rather than having the vague goal of helping students be better class participants, you would identify specific, observable classroom participation behaviors. You might target behaviors such as raising their hands before speaking during class discussions, or reducing the number of times they verbally interrupt other students who are speaking. Observing the Behaviors The second step in applied behavior analysis is to observe students’ behaviors carefully to determine the purposes or functions for those behaviors. 13 Behaviorists refer to this process as functional analysis, which has as its goal the identification of the antecedents and consequences that set the occasion for a behavior or maintain a behavior (Daly III, Witt, & Martens, & Dool, 1997; Symons, McDonald, & Weh...
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