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(2) Observe the behavior
(3) Apply a behavioral intervention
(4) Monitor the success of that intervention
Selecting and Defining Behaviors
Applied behavior analysis begins with a specific definition of the target
behavior. For example, rather than having the vague goal of helping students be
better class participants, you would identify specific, observable classroom
participation behaviors. You might target behaviors such as raising their hands
before speaking during class discussions, or reducing the number of times they
verbally interrupt other students who are speaking.
Observing the Behaviors
The second step in applied behavior analysis is to observe students’
behaviors carefully to determine the purposes or functions for those behaviors. 13 Behaviorists refer to this process as functional analysis, which has as its goal the
identification of the antecedents and consequences that set the occasion for a
behavior or maintain a behavior (Daly III, Witt, & Martens, & Dool, 1997;
Symons, McDonald, & Weh...
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- Spring '08