Unformatted text preview: Doyle, 1975; Kounin & Gump, 1974; Kounin & Sherman, 1979). He found that
effective teachers had certain group management strategies that were effective in
reducing or preventing student misbehavior. Foremost among these strategies was
withitness, defined as the ability of teachers to communicate their awareness of
what was happening in the classroom (Anguiano, 2001). In general, teachers
achieve “withitness” by learning to engage in these types of monitoring behaviors
(Emmer, et al., 1981).
• They scan the room periodically, and tend not to focus too long on one
student. • They stand or position themselves so that they can observe the entire
classroom. • As students participate in seatwork or group projects, the teacher
walks around the room and monitors the activity. • They limit the number of students at their desk to one or two at a time,
so that their vision is not blocked. • They help the entire class with the first question on an assignment in
order to determine if everyone understands the assignment. Te...
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- Spring '08
- classroom management