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Unformatted text preview: n punishment. Reprimands tend to be
more effective if teachers establish eye contact with students, reduce physical
distance between themselves and the student, deliver them privately, and if
reprimands are paired with other punishments such as loss of privileges (Bear,
1998; Kerr & Nelson, 1998). This is how Tom Konstantine administers
reprimands to his first graders.
• ‘When I need to talk with a student about his behavior, I go to his desk
and kneel so that we are at eye-level. I make sure I am firm, but
courteous.” Overcorrection is a type of presentation punishment based on the
principle of contingent effort (Foxx & Azrin, 1972). Contingent effort is when
students must exert themselves as a consequence of their behavior. To be
effective, the exertion should be connected logically to the effects of the behavior,
and should help students understand the effects of their misbehavior. Effective
overcorrection, therefore, has similar characteristics to a strategy we will discuss
later called logical consequences (Porter, 2000).
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08