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Unformatted text preview: ive effect.
The reactive effect is more likely to occur when students are motivated to
change a behavior, when the focus is on positive behaviors rather than undesirable
behaviors, when students are trained to self-record accurately, and when selfmonitoring is combined with other approaches such as goal setting and the
opportunity for reinforcement and feedback (Akande, 1997). Also, the reactive
effect typically tends to decrease over time, but you may be able to compensate
for this decrease by combining self-monitoring with a self-reinforcement strategy
(Alberto & Troutman, 1999).
Implementing self-monitoring programs usually involves a number of
steps (McConnell, 1999; Jones & Jones, 2001). First, the target behavior must be 32 selected, defined, and observed for baseline. Students should be involved in this
process, and they should commit to changing the behavior. It’s also very
important to make sure students can accurately identify the target behavior when
it occurs. Mr. O’Reilley, an elementary school counselor, uses this approach with
his young students. “With...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08