Chapter 10

Chapter 10

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Unformatted text preview: ive effect. The reactive effect is more likely to occur when students are motivated to change a behavior, when the focus is on positive behaviors rather than undesirable behaviors, when students are trained to self-record accurately, and when selfmonitoring is combined with other approaches such as goal setting and the opportunity for reinforcement and feedback (Akande, 1997). Also, the reactive effect typically tends to decrease over time, but you may be able to compensate for this decrease by combining self-monitoring with a self-reinforcement strategy (Alberto & Troutman, 1999). Implementing self-monitoring programs usually involves a number of steps (McConnell, 1999; Jones & Jones, 2001). First, the target behavior must be 32 selected, defined, and observed for baseline. Students should be involved in this process, and they should commit to changing the behavior. It’s also very important to make sure students can accurately identify the target behavior when it occurs. Mr. O’Reilley, an elementary school counselor, uses this approach with his young students. “With...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

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