Chapter 10

In general begin by trying to manage antecedents or

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Unformatted text preview: heir group from being successful, which in turn creates a hostile classroom environment (Romeo, 1998), you may want to manage this possibility directly by instituting a penalty for that type of behavior (Davies & Witte, 2000). 23 Strategies for Reducing Behaviors When you intervene with students’ misbehaviors, it’s a good idea to begin with the least restrictive or punitive alternatives (Cooper, Heron, & Heward, 1987; Wielkiewicz, 1995). In general, begin by trying to manage antecedents or with reinforcement approaches before trying a punishment approach. In terms of punishments, try milder punishment strategies before using more severe or restrictive punishment approaches. Extinction. As you learned in Chapter Two, extinction is when a behavior is eliminated because the reinforcement for that behavior is removed from the environment. Extinction can occur both intentionally and unintentionally (Cangelosi, 2000). Ignoring a student who misbehaves for your attention is an example of an attempt at intentional extinction. A student who stops working because...
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