Chapter 10

It tends to be particularly effective for students

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Unformatted text preview: combined with token reinforcement systems and clearly stated expectations (Musser, Bray, Kehle, & Jenson, 2001). The fine or response cost in that case involves the loss of earned tokens. Time-out is short for time-out from reinforcement, because when students are in time out they lose the right to earn reinforcement. Table 10.2 contains descriptions of various forms of time-out in order of severity. Time-out is one of the most commonly used interventions in special education settings (Wood & Wrobel, 1990). It tends to be particularly effective for students’ attention seeking behaviors (Turner & Watson, 1999). However, it is also a strategy that has both educational and legal concerns (Gartrell, 2001. 2002; Lawyer-Tarr, 1999; Porter, 2000; Schreiber, 1999; Yell, 1994). For example, time out has been criticized for its inability to teach positive behaviors, and for isolating students from classroom experiences. Because of this, you should consult your district policies regarding the use of the more serious forms of timeout, especially for students with disabilities. Also, co...
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