Chapter 10

Self reinforcement therefore becomes a way of

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ing process should be used to guide students toward more realistic criteria for success. This is how Bobby Hammond, a middle school special education teacher, handles this when she contracts with her students with learning disabilities. • “When I do my weekly behavior contracts with my students, I always include a bonus clause. If they exceed the criteria we have established, then they can earn better or more reinforcers. I want them always to strive to do their best.” Second, self-reinforcement tends to be more effective when used for behaviors that are already under environmental control (Fredericksen & Fredericksen, 1975; Zirpoli & Melloy, 1997). Self-reinforcement, therefore, becomes a way of transferring behavioral control to your students. Self-Instruction Self-instruction is when students use verbal self-prompting to guide their behavior (Zirpoli & Melloy, 1997). Self-instruction usually begins by having students talk aloud to themselves, another person, or tape recorder, but eventually the self-instruction becomes covert or internal speech (Swaggert, 1998). Selfinstruction approaches have been used for many purposes; including he...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online