Unformatted text preview: e them or reinforce them in some
meaningful way. Then periodically reinforce students to remind them of the
connection between the prompt and the reinforcement. 17 A fourth way to think about antecedents is to manage the effects of setting
events on students’ classroom behavior. Setting events are external or internal
stimuli that simultaneously control a wide range of antecedents, behaviors, and
consequences (Kantor, 1959; Mahon, Shores, & Buske, 1999; Sulzar-Azaroff &
Mayer, 1991). They tend to alter the effects that environmental stimuli have on
students’ behavior, and they explain the sometimes erratic behavior of students
(Dadson & Horner, 1993; Fox, 1990), Time of day, physical layout of a
classroom, classroom temperature and lighting, amount of sleep a student had the
night before, previous interactions with students and adults, social composition of
a classroom, and family risk factors are all examples of setting events (Conroy &
Fox, 1994; Gable & Hendrickson, 1992; Kennedy &am...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08