Chapter 10

This participation can include determining the target

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Unformatted text preview: ing scale to self-evaluate their contributions during cooperative learning, and other students can also evaluate them with the same scale (Strom & Strom, 1999). It is important for students to self-evaluate their behaviors accurately if they are going to establish meaningful goals or identify the types self-help strategies they may need (Stone & May, 2002). One way to increase accuracy is to reinforce students for ratings that match the ratings of their classroom teacher for the same behaviors (Shapiro, DuPaul, & Bradley-Klug, 1998). Self-Reinforcement Self-reinforcement is when students participate in reinforcing their successes. This participation can include determining the target behaviors and criteria for success, self-monitoring or self-evaluating to determine when they have met those criteria, and/or selecting the reinforcers (Alberto & Troutman, 1999). 35 There are some important considerations in the use of self-reinforcement approaches. First, students may have a tendency to set relatively lenient criteria for success (Alberto & Troutman, 1999). A contracting or goal-sett...
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