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Unformatted text preview: levance for our later discussion of
constructivism and classroom management.
Goal setting is used to involve students in the establishment of criteria for
successful management of their own behavior (Belfiore & Hornyak, 1998). Goal
setting focuses students on what they need to monitor or evaluate, and it sets the
criteria for self-reinforcement. Typically, goal setting is used in conjunction with
other self-management strategies such as self-monitoring, self-evaluation, and
self-reinforcement (Trammel, Schloss, & Alper, 1994). To be effective, students’
goals need to be specific, moderately difficult, acceptable or valuable to the
students, and supported by feedback regarding progress toward meeting those
goals (Oppenheimer, 2001).
Students’ involvement in goal setting can have a number of benefits. First,
when students are oriented toward meeting personally relevant goals, they tend to
be more willing to persist in the face of difficulty, and to plan and self-monitor...
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- Spring '08