Chapter 10

To be effective students goals need to be specific

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Unformatted text preview: levance for our later discussion of constructivism and classroom management. Goal-Setting Goal setting is used to involve students in the establishment of criteria for successful management of their own behavior (Belfiore & Hornyak, 1998). Goal setting focuses students on what they need to monitor or evaluate, and it sets the criteria for self-reinforcement. Typically, goal setting is used in conjunction with other self-management strategies such as self-monitoring, self-evaluation, and self-reinforcement (Trammel, Schloss, & Alper, 1994). To be effective, students’ goals need to be specific, moderately difficult, acceptable or valuable to the students, and supported by feedback regarding progress toward meeting those goals (Oppenheimer, 2001). Students’ involvement in goal setting can have a number of benefits. First, when students are oriented toward meeting personally relevant goals, they tend to be more willing to persist in the face of difficulty, and to plan and self-monitor...
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