C 5 a 10 d answers to short answercompletion items 1

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: hat form of constructivism is most closely associated with Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development? Essay items 1. What are the similarities and differences between Piagetian and Vygotskian theory? 60 2. Why might students find it hard to engage in accommodation? 3. Provide an example of something you learned through scaffolding. 4. What examples of constructivist teaching have you observed in classrooms? Decision-Making Activity 1, Based on your experiences as a teacher and a learner, what do you see as the strengths and limitations of a constructivist approach to classroom learning? Answers To Alternative Response Items 1. a 6. b 2. b 7. a 3. a 8. b 4. b 9. c 5. a 10. d Answers To Short Answer/Completion Items 1. object permanence 2. identity 3. scaffolding 4. social constructivism Additional Reading Classroom Compass: Constructivism (Winter 1995 Volume 1 Number 3) (An entire issue of a journal devoted to constructivism) 61 Delis, R. & Golbeck, S. (1999). Implications of Piagetian theory for peer learning, (3-37). In A. O'Donnell & A. King (Eds.) Cognitive perspectives on peer learning. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Moll, L. C. (1990). Vygotsky and education instructional applications of Sociohistorical psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press Piaget, J., & Inhelder, B. (1969). The psychology of the child. New York: Basic Books. (original work published 1966) Wink, J. & Putney, L. (2002). A vision of Vygotsky. Boston: Allyn & Bacon. 62 Table 5.1. An overview of Piagetian developmental stages. Piagetian Stage Typical Key Concepts From Each Stage Age Range Sensorimotor Stage Birth-Two Intentionality Object Concept Preoperational Stage Two-Seven Semiotic Function Irreversibility Egocentrism Centration Concrete Operational Stage SevenEleven Various Concrete Operations Including Seriation, Classification Conservation, Negation, Identity and Compensation Formal Operational Stage Unclear at The Ability to Formulate and this point Systematically Test Hypotheses Propositional Logic The Ability to Reason about Hypothetical Situations 63 Table 5.2 examples of Piagetian conservation tasks. Conservation Task Conservation of Number Conservation of Length Conservation of Liquid Description Lay out two rows of objects (coins, etc.). Each row has the same number of objects, and the objects in each row are aligned with each other. Ask the child, “Which row has more in it or are they the same?” Have the child verify the equality. Then in full view of the child, spread out the bottom row, and repeat the earlier question. Lay out two identical pencils, rods, etc. side-by-side. Ask the child, “Which pencil, rod, etc. is longer or are they the same?” Have the child verify the equality. In full view of the child, take one pencil and slide it over. Repeat the question The child is shown two identical glasses with equal amounts of liquid in each, and asked if the amounts are the same or not. In front of the child, the first glass is poured into a tall, skinny glass. The sec...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online