This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: different from concrete operational thought?
a. Formal operational thought is more egocentric than concrete
b. Formal operational thought is more abstract and hypothetical than
concrete operational thought.
c. Formal operational thought develops in children before concrete
operational thought. 57 d. Formal operational thought tends to be more intuitive than concrete
5. Which one of the following educational recommendations is most inconsistent
with Piagetian theory?
a. Young children learn most effectively when lessons are presented
primarily through lecture. b. Children should work with other children to solve problems. c. Learning activities for young children should involve concrete
experiences. d. Learning experiences should be designed to challenge students’
misunderstandings. 6. Which one of the following is an example of a psychological tool?
a. a gardening hoe
b. a word-processing program
c. an electric saw
d. microwave oven 7. Which one of the following is an example of Vygotsky’s general law of
a. A student acquires the reading strategies of a more skilled reader by
interacting with that more skilled learner. 58 b. Students change their opinions about an idea based on their own
private experiences with that idea.
c. Students must represent knowledge physically before they can
represent that same knowledge symbolically.
d. Students may have difficulty in complicated problem-solving activities
because they are overwhelmed by the complexities.
8. Vygotsky referred to the distance between what a leaner can accomplish alone
and what that same learner can accomplish with the help of a more skilled learner
a. general law of development
b. zone of proximal development
9, Bruner’s idea of thought amplifiers is similar to Vygotsky’s idea of:
a. egocentric speech
b. the general law of development
c. psychological tools
a. the zone of proximal development
10. The constructivist idea that learning needs to occur in authentic or real-world
contexts with the guidance of others is:
a. psychological constructivism.
b. distributed cognition. 59 c. metacognition.
d. situated cognition.
Constructed Response Items
Short Answer/Completion Items
1. An infant’s understanding that items continue to exist even when they are out
of the infant’s sight is _____________.
2. You have two identical beakers with the same amount of liquid in each. After
having an eight-year-old verify the equality, you pour the contents of one beaker
into a third beaker that is taller and skinnier than the first two. You ask if this
beaker has more water or the same amount as the first two. This child says they
are the same because no water was added or removed. This child has used
______________ to explain his answer.
3. In guided discovery, teachers help students develop their own understanding by
prompting and guiding students’ thinking. This type of teaching is an example of
View Full Document
This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08