Note these are only examples if the increase the

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Unformatted text preview: Reinforcers Behaviors that contain within them their own reinforcement Teacher places chips in a fish bowl when students earn them. When there are enough, the students earn a class party. Providing students with learning activities that reflect their interest. Feedback Information provided to Writing notes to students 50 students about their performance. in which you discuss their successes and improvements. *Note: These are only examples if the increase the likelihood of the target behavior. 51 Figure 2.2. Consequences of behavior summary chart. Stimulus Added Behavior Increases Positive Reinforcement Behavior Decreases Stimulus Subtracted Presentation Punishment Negative Reinforcement Removal Punishment Principle 2.1: Learning is Measurable and Observable Decision Area Implication For Practice Looking Ahead Planning Teachers need specific goals and objectives for their academic and behavioral interventions. Chapters 7, 9, and 10 Assessing Effectiveness Teachers need to identify measures or observations that allow them to assess changes in students’ behavior. Chapter 13 52 Principle 2.2: Learning of Complicated behaviors occurs Gradually and Step-By-Step Decision Area Implication For Practice Looking Ahead Planning Complicated behaviors should be broken down into component steps, and instruction should be planned to teach these steps in sequence. Chapter 9 Teaching and Classroom Management Teachers should reinforce gradual improvements in students’ behavior. Chapters 7 and 10 Assessing Effectiveness Assessments should occur throughout the learning process and should monitor learners’ progress toward the terminal learning goal. Chapter 13 Principle 2.3: Learning Results Form the Effects of Stimuli On Responses Planning Classroom environments need to be planned that provide the stimuli needed to produce the desired learning. Chapters 7, 8, and 9 Teaching and Classroom Management Effective teaching and Classroom Management involves providing appropriate antecedents and consequences for the desired learning. Chapters 7, 8, 9, and 10...
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