Being able to focus on your ultimate goal may help

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: in a semester, or quit for a year in order to pay for your education. Being able to focus on your ultimate goal may help you deal with these setbacks. Self-reactiveness involves setting personal standards for success, selfevaluating progress toward those standards, and using self-administered consequences and guidance to regulate our behavior (Bandura, 1986, 2001). This capability evolves both from our direct and vicarious learning experiences (Grusec, 1992). We learn through direct experience that some behaviors will be successful in achieving goals, while other behaviors will not. We also have the opportunity to observe the self-standards that others set for themselves and the consequences that accompany those standards. We do not automatically internalize the standards that others set for themselves. Instead, we evaluate these various observations, and select personal standards based on our evaluation of what we have observed. Consider this example. ⇒ “In high school, I had a close relationship with my football coach, John Rayburn. He had played college football, so he knew what it took to succeed at that level. Even at age 50, he did everything he asked us to do during conditioning drills. My work ethic in football and life came from being around John.” 9 Self-reflectiveness is our ability to think about our own thought processes and to analyze our own experiences. Through these self-reflective activities, we can develop beliefs and expectations about our environments and ourselves. Cognitive learning theorists refer to these types of self-reflective processes as metacognitive activities, and they are important if we are going to be able to control our own learning processes (Flavell, 1979). According to social cognitive theorists, self-efficacy is an extremely important component of self-reflection. Bandura (1993, p. 118), defined self efficacy as “...people’s beliefs about their capabilities to exercise control over their own level of functioning and over events that affect their lives.” In other words, self-efficacy is a...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online