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quit for a year in order to pay for your education. Being able to focus on your
ultimate goal may help you deal with these setbacks.
Self-reactiveness involves setting personal standards for success, selfevaluating progress toward those standards, and using self-administered
consequences and guidance to regulate our behavior (Bandura, 1986, 2001). This
capability evolves both from our direct and vicarious learning experiences
(Grusec, 1992). We learn through direct experience that some behaviors will be
successful in achieving goals, while other behaviors will not. We also have the
opportunity to observe the self-standards that others set for themselves and the
consequences that accompany those standards. We do not automatically
internalize the standards that others set for themselves. Instead, we evaluate these
various observations, and select personal standards based on our evaluation of
what we have observed. Consider this example.
⇒ “In high school, I had a close relationship with my football coach,
John Rayburn. He had played college football, so he knew what it took
to succeed at that level. Even at age 50, he did everything he asked us
to do during conditioning drills. My work ethic in football and life
came from being around John.” 9 Self-reflectiveness is our ability to think about our own thought processes
and to analyze our own experiences. Through these self-reflective activities, we
can develop beliefs and expectations about our environments and ourselves.
Cognitive learning theorists refer to these types of self-reflective processes as
metacognitive activities, and they are important if we are going to be able to
control our own learning processes (Flavell, 1979).
According to social cognitive theorists, self-efficacy is an extremely
important component of self-reflection. Bandura (1993, p. 118), defined self
efficacy as “...people’s beliefs about their capabilities to exercise control over
their own level of functioning and over events that affect their lives.” In other
words, self-efficacy is a...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08