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Unformatted text preview: problem-solving and learning
strategies at different times and in different contexts. For example,
teachers in a school could identify a series of learning strategies
and introduce them in different content areas. 42 • Help students identify the appropriate times to use the strategies
they have learned. For example, talk to students about when a
memory strategy like a mnemonic should be used. • Allow students some input into the grades they earned. For
example, students could present their ideas about the grade they
think they deserve. • Have students select the portfolio work samples that they think
best represent their learning. • Video tape students’ performance and allow them to assess their
own performance. • Have students work as peer tutors in lower grades, so they can
assess what they have learned. • Have students write down their major class accomplishments for a
grading period. • Teach students to talk themselves through difficult problems. • Teach students to use simple work-checking routines like reversing
math operations to check their accuracy.
Social Cognitive Learning Principles One of the themes of this book is that appropriate application of
psychological theory improves the quality of teachers’ decisions. Social cognitive
learning theory provides a number of useful concepts for your classroom 43 decision-making. To help you apply these concepts, we have summarized them in
terms of three major learning principles. In later chapters, these principles will be
used to organize discussions about the decisions involved in determining how to
teach and how to manage classroom behavior, and how to assess learning.
Principle 4.1: Learners Acquire Important Knowledge, Behaviors and
Dispositions Through Their Exposure to Models.
Bandura’s social cognitive theory explains how learning occurs through
modeling. Bandura’s ideas about vicarious consequences, performance effects of
modeling, observational learning, and variables that influence the success of
modeling are all important concepts for implementing this prin...
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This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.
- Spring '08