In one film an adult played very aggressively with a

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Unformatted text preview: 0 Teaching and Classroom Management Students need to learn the strategies necessary to selfregulate their learning and behavior. Students need to learn how self-assess their own learning. Chapters 9, 10 Assessment Ch. 10 58 Enriching Your Understanding 4.1 The Bobo Doll Studies The famous Bobo studies done in the 1960s are still one of Bandura’s most interesting demonstrations of vicarious learning. In one of these studies, preschool children watched one of two films. In one film, an adult played very aggressively with a Bobo doll, an inflatable plastic doll with a weighted bottom that bounces back when hit. In the second film, an adult plays calmly with Tinkertoys, a children’s construction toy. Later the preschool children were allowed to play with a variety of toys, including a Bobo doll and Tinker Toys. Before the children were allowed to play, however, the experimenters tried to induce frustration by not allowing the children to play with their favorite toys. Bandura and associates found that the children who had observed the aggressive adult model tended to be much more aggressive in their play than those who had watched the calm adult model (Bandura, Ross & Ross, 1963). This study replicated findings achieved in an earlier study with “live” models (Bandura, Ross & Ross, 1961). Later research has tended to confirm the finding that observing aggressive models can induce heightened aggression in some learners (Anderson & Bushman, 2001; Farver & Frosch, 1996; Liebert & Sprafkin, 1988). What do see as the relevance of Bandura’s research for your role as a classroom teacher today? (For your authors’ perspective on this question go to the chapter web site.) 59 60 Enriching Your Understanding 4.2 Teacher Self-Efficacy Our discussion of self-efficacy focused on students’ self-efficacy beliefs. However, teachers also develop self-efficacy judgments about how effectively they can bring about desired student outcomes (Bandura, 1977; Tschannen-Moran & Woolfolk Hoy, 2001). These se...
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