It is helpful to remember that while you 4 are

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ironmental influences. It is helpful to remember that while you 4 are teaching and managing your students, you are also being taught and managed by your students. We need to be aware of these mutual influences as we make our decisions. Learners’ Social and Personal Characteristics Bandura identifies a set of personal and social characteristics of learners that help define the nature of key learning and teaching processes. These characteristics include the following (Bandura, 1986, 1999, 2001). • Learners have the capability to represent their experiences symbolically. • Learners have the capability to learn vicariously. • Learners have the capability for self-regulate. Symbolic representation. Symbolic representation is the process of translating experiences into mental models that guide behavior (Bandura, 1986). As such, symbolic representation is the basic process involved in all learning. According to Bandura (1974), learners have two representational systems, the imaginal and the verbal system. Imaginal representation allows learners to translate experiences into enduring mental images of those experiences. For example, you may have a mental picture of how to change a flat tire in your memory. The verbal representational system translates our experiences into verbal codes. For example, you may also have the list of steps for changing a flat tire 5 stored in memory. Verbal codes are extremely important for our ability to organize and retrieve what we have observed. The ability to represent experiences symbolically provides learners with the ability to use past experiences to guide current behavior. Bandura (1974, 1977) referred to this ability as delayed matching or delayed modeling. We determine how to behave based on the knowledge and expectations that we have stored from previous learning. We make predictions about the likely outcomes of our behavior, and then select our behaviors accordingly. Consider this classroom example. ⇒ John likes students who try hard. He praise...
View Full Document

This document was uploaded on 03/29/2014 for the course EPS 324 at N. Arizona.

Ask a homework question - tutors are online