The benefits of a modeled behavior can be established

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Unformatted text preview: his is where the motivation sub-processes become important. You can help by showing students the benefits of what has been modeled and by managing the risks involved in performing a new behavior. The benefits of a modeled behavior can be established through direct, vicarious, and self-reinforcement opportunities (Bahn, 2001). For example, if students are reinforced directly for a behavior or see others being reinforced for a behavior, they are more likely to engage in that behavior. Students can also selfreinforce by monitoring the positive effects of their behavior. For example, they might keep track of their own progress in learning a new skill for example. Remember that learning something new or different can be hard at first. Also, learners’ first attempts at applying what they are learning are likely to be awkward and unskilled. Support learners at these times by providing encouragement such as, “It is hard right now, but with practice it will get easier.” You might also schedule class time so that students can share their experiences as they try to implement what they are learning. Beyond providing the 23 aforementioned opportunity for feedback, these discussions may help students understand that it is possible to get better with practice, and that their difficulties are not necessarily unique or the result of a lack of ability. Here are some additional ideas for incorporating observational learning into your classroom. • Use role-playing to teach social behaviors to students. For example, young children might role-play how to approach others to ask them if they can play with them. • When presenting content, also consider demonstrating to students any strategies or techniques you use to help you learn this type of content. Review of Modeling Effects In review, modeling can influence both performance and learning. The inhibitory effect, the disinhibitory effect and the facilitating effect are the three types of performance effects. Observational learning is the term reserved for acquiring new understa...
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