With response facilitation there are no observed

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: itation effect. Response facilitation occurs when a model’s behavior serves as a social cue or reminder for the learners to engage in the same behavior. With response facilitation, there are no observed consequences for the behavior. The model’s behavior just prompts the same behavior from the learner. For example, one student puts her name on the top of a paper, and others who observe this do the same because of what they observed. Their responses have been facilitated. Children have just completed a play for their parents, and a 17 few parents stand up and applaud. Pretty soon, the whole audience is standing. Although some of the last parents to stand might do so in part because of mild social pressure, many of the parents stand because they have been cued to do so. Their behavior has been facilitated. Here are some ideas for using the performance effects of modeling in your classroom. • Target social behaviors you want to facilitate in students, and they model these behaviors consistently. For example, if the goal is to facilitate love of reading, you should show how much you enjoy reading. • Make sure that your discipline actions match your stated rules and consequences. Students often will attend more to what you do than what you say. If you do not follow through on what you have said to students, others may observe this and disinhibit their misbehaviors. Observational Learning. Observational learning is Bandura’s term for modeling experiences that result in learners acquiring new behaviors, cognitive processes, judgmental standards, and/or rules that allow learners to generate new behaviors (Bandura, 1977, 1986). Observational learning can produce completely new understandings, or it can result in new ways of organizing and combining existing understandings 18 (Bandura, 1986). A wide variety of behaviors and understandings can be acquired through observational learning. For example, students can acquire basic literacy skills, classroom discourse patterns, aggressive tendencies, and health-related knowledge through observational learning (Cox, McKendree, Tobin, Lee, & Mayes, 1999; Foshee, Bauman, & Linder, 19...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online