lecture 1.8

lecture 1.8 - 1 January 8 2003 Conceptualizing...

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Conceptualizing Communication Comm. is… -an exchange of meaningful symbols -A process An ongoing systematic activity -contextual Dyads, groups, media Contexts of communication (interconnected) -Intrapersonal (“within” personal) Communication within a person (talking to yourself, diary, etc) Thinking about other people: -Making attributions about people- when someone does something we stop and think about why they did that and make a decision about that person. Based on the group they’re in, their personality, etc. Ex) someone gives you a compliment- why did they do that? -Forming impressions -Interpersonal (communication with another person, “dyad”): personal, not impersonal (ex. Check out at a store) -Involves disclosure, relational development/intimacy- dealing with conflict, enjoying each other, etc. -Face to face or point to point- includes telephone calls, internet, email (adds delay, loose visuals, only language but still communication) -Examples: romantic partners, friends, coworkers -Small Group (communication among three or more people) number not what is important, the whole group has to be participating in talking/listening -achieving common goal (social or task) - ex) jury in court making a decision; members need to show participation and contribute to the group -Examples: families (also study interpersonal in this case), juries, committees, peer groups (groups that make decisions are the ones studies more) -Public (1 or a few individuals to an audience) ex) classroom, conference, speech, discussion section -Face to face but with a “distance”- speaker is separated and in front of an audience -Relatively one way but there is always feedback (in any form) -Examples: lectures, commencement, political speeches, concert -Organizational (communication among members of organization) - most people are within an organization (i.e. Company, school); how messages are exchanged within an organization -Formal organization structure (often large numbers of people) -Formal and informal networks, rules, norms- formal: Memos, who you’re supposed to talk to; informal, what classes are easy, talking to people; norms, how to get things done, powerful; rules, professor shows up late, you leave -Examples: hospitals (doctor/patient relationship), churches, businesses, school (teacher/ student relationship) - roles of the people play a major part, interpersonal also present Intergroup/Intercultural (communication between members of different groups) - Examples: adults and children, boys and girls, teacher and student (also organizational, interpersonal) becomes group when you become representative of a group (i.e. sorority, frat). Intercultural is the communication between people of different cultures. 1
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lecture 1.8 - 1 January 8 2003 Conceptualizing...

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