Nutrition During Lactation-2

Swith impactonbreastfeeding echinaceanotrecommended

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Unformatted text preview: alth • Fear of pain • • • Breastfeeding Promotion, Facilitation, and Breastfeeding Promotion, Facilitation, and Support • Role of the health care system in supporting breastfeeding • Prenatal breastfeeding education and support • Lactation support in hospitals and birthing centers • Lactation support after discharge • The work place • The community Lactation Support after Discharge • A pediatrician, nurse or other knowledgeable health care practitioner should see all breastfed infants at 2­4 days of age. • Le Leche League – Founded in 1956 – International organization that provides education, information, support & encouragement to women who want to breastfeed. The Work Place Healthcare Reform of 2010 All workplaces with 50+ employees must provide a private place for lactating mothers to pump during work hours Public Food and Public Food and Nutrition Programs National Breastfeeding Policy • http://foxnewsinsider.com/2013/10/21/breastfe Common Breastfeeding Conditions • • • • • • Sore nipples Letdown failure Hyperactive letdown Engorgement Plugged duct Infection Maternal Medications • Most medications are excreted in breast milk • Variables to consider related to medications during lactation: Resources on Drugs, Medications, and Contaminations in Human Milk Safety of Oral Contraceptive Use During Lactation • Current evidence suggests combined oral contraceptives (OC) may reduce the volume of breast milk • The ACOG & WHO recommend against use of combined OC during first 6 weeks postpartum • Progestin only OC & implants are safe & effective Medicinal Herbs Considered NOT Appropriate for Use during Pregnancy or Lactation Herbs Widely Used in the U.S. with Impact on Breastfeeding Echinacea ­ not recommended Ginseng root ­ not recommended St. John’s wort ­ may suppress lactaion Ephedra (ma huang) ­ not recommended Fenugreek ­ infants may be allergic Cabbage leaves ­ safe for topical use to reduce engorgement Alcohol • Alcohol consumed quickly passes to breast milk • Level of alcohol in breast milk is same as in maternal plasma • Peak plasma levels – 30­60 minutes without food – 60­90 minutes if consumed with food • Contrary to popular belief, alcohol decreases oxytocin and let­down Impact of Alcohol on Lactation • Affects odor of milk • Decreases volume consumed by infant • Interferes with sleep pattern of infant Alcohol and Breastfeeding: time (hr:min...
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This document was uploaded on 04/04/2014.

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