Nutrition During Lactation-2

In developing countries fewer acute illnesses gi

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: fidus factor Lactoferrin Transferrin Vitamin B12-binding protein Corticoid-binding protein, Enzymes • Lysozyme • Lipoprotein lipase • Leukocyte enzymes Taste of Human Milk Taste of Human Milk • Flavor of foods in mother’s diet influences taste of breast milk • Exposure to a variety of flavors may contribute to infant’s interest & acceptance of new flavors in solid foods Benefits of Breastfeeding Benefits of Breastfeeding for Women • Hormonal benefits – Oxytocin • Physical benefits – Delay in monthly ovulation • Psychosocial benefits • Increased energy needs may promote weight loss Outcomes for Breastfed Infants • • Lower infant mortality in developing countries Fewer acute illnesses – – – – • GI infections Ear infections Coughing and wheezing Vomiting Reduction in chronic illness – – – – Celiac Inflammatory bowel disease Neuroblastoma Allergies and asthma • Child overweight – Inconclusive evidence • Cognitive benefits – Directly related to duration of breastfeeding – Important for SGA infants • Socioeconomic – Fewer sick care visits – Fewer maternal absenteeism from work Breast Milk Supply Breast Milk Supply and Demand • Can women make enough milk? • Does the size of the breast limit a woman’s ability to nurse? • Is feeding frequency related to the amount of milk a woman makes? • Pumping or expressing milk • Can women breastfeed after breast reduction/augmentation? • Does silicone from breast implants leach into the milk? Milk Production: Supply and Demand • • • Typical production – 600 ml in 1st month postpartum – 750-800 ml/d by 4-5 months postpartum – 450-1200 ml/d by 6 months Increased production to meet needs of twins and triplets Production meets demand! – Increases or decreases as infant needs The Breastfeeding Infant The Breastfeeding Infant • Optimal duration of breastfeeding – – AAP 1 year or longer U.S. Surgeon General exclusively for 6 months & best to breastfeed for 12 months Breastfeeding: Breastfeeding: Infant Reflexes • Gag reflex—prevents infant from taking things into lungs • Oral search reflex—infant opens mouth wide when close to breast & thrusts tongue forward • Rooting reflex—infant turns to side when stimulated on that side The Breastfeeding Infant The Breastfeeding Infant • Breastfeeding positioning Positions for breastfeeding ­ proper positioning of infant is important...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online