lecture 9-28

lecture 9-28 - September 28, 2004 Ways of knowing/...

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September 28, 2004 Ways of knowing/ Epistemology Some everyday ways of knowing Method of tradition/tenacity : Know something because it just doesn’t go away; keeps being said; becomes part of the lore. Potential problem: tradition based on cultures which all differ, might not be right from the beginning Ex: turkey on thanksgiving; Supreme Court decisions (based on previous similar cases) Method of authority: Something is true because someone of authority (who should know better) told us so. We like this method because we have to do less work (hope the doctor knows the diagnosis because you don’t). Potential problem: Authority may just not know, may have a bias, and might not be enough information in that field in general. Ex: Parents say vegetables are good for you; government agencies; teachers Method of intuition/logic: Something is true because it should just be true; gut- feeling. Two types: 1. Common sense: true because it is obvious 2. “Platonic idealism”: getting to the truth using your mind; instead of using your senses, deeply think about it and be able to argue it with someone else. Method of experience/observation:
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lecture 9-28 - September 28, 2004 Ways of knowing/...

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