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Unformatted text preview: to trance or hypnotic induction, in order to restructure
the client or family’s beliefs, instill a sense of possibilities, and increase the
likelihood of change. The Structure of Magic I and II and Frogs into Princes by
Bandler and Grinder are three volumes that detail the methods and techniques
that NLP practitioners use. MILAN SYSTEMIC FAMILY THERAPY
Systemic therapies originated in Milan, Italy with Mara Selvini Palazzoli, Luigi
Boscolo, Gianfranco Cecchin, and Guiliana Prata. Like the strategic models of
MRI brief therapy and Haley-Madanes, the Milan systemic model grew out of
Bateson’s work on cybernetics in which problems were viewed as being
maintained by interactional sequences. While Erickson further influenced MRI
and Haley-Madanes as noted above, the systemic therapies, at least originally,
held more strictly to the Bateson formulations (Piercy, et al., 1986). Their 1980
seminal article, Hypothesizing, circularity, & neutrality: Three guidelines for the
conductor of sessions, is summarized below.
The original Milan group, started by Mara Selvini Palazzoli, treated severely
disturbed children using traditional psychoanalytic methods. They became
increasingly frustrated at the lack of progress working with the children alone
and were influenced by the writings of family therapists who worked with whole
families instead. They first tried applying the psychoanalytic model to the
families. After reading Bateson’s work, Boscolo, Cecchin, and Selvini Palazzoli
broke from the original Milan group and formed The Center for the Study of the
Family with a goal of working in the new systems model. Watzlawick was
originally a consultant to the group (Nichols & Schwartz, 1998). In the early
years, the team conceptualized family problems as being maintained by
homeostasis, or a tendency to resist change and devised paradoxical
interventions to counter this tendency. Chapter 4: Strategic & Systemic
Theory of Normal Development and Dysfunction
Like the MRI team, the Milan group adhered to a “non-normative” stance.
Further, they maintained a neutral stance toward therapy outcome, trusting...
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- Spring '09