62 this concept corresponds to what the palo alto

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Unformatted text preview: y creative transformations and prevent the symptom from spiraling into chronic behavior patterns. That is, how does a therapist prevent morphostasis and encourage morphogenesis? It is important that therapists not interpret conflict or apparent dysfunction as an omen of impending disaster, but rather “that pressure toward a new and more complex integration is mounting” (p. 55). Understanding various aspects of communication and the affect of messages is also important. Hoffman discusses the related concepts of paradoxical injunctions and double and simple bind communication. Chapter 4: Strategic & Systemic A paradoxical injunction is a statement “that intrinsically contradicts itself unless teased apart into a ‘report ‘ level and a ‘how this report is meant’ level, the second level inclusive of the first” (p. 62). This concept corresponds to what the Palo Alto researchers called the double bind in which a message is given to another person requiring contradictory, mutually exclusive, responses, i.e., do something and do not do something. This concept was initially used to describe the communication patterns in families in which one member was diagnosed with schizophrenia. Hoffman notes, however, that such contradictory messages are common throughout society and do not usually result in madness. Instead, she refers to them as sweat-boxes since they indicate a mild or severe threat to the continuity of the relationship and the system. She asserts that these types of pressures may be a necessary precondition to morphogenesis. But, she makes an important distinction between the double bind message and a simple bind message. In the double bind, whatever response the message recipient gives, his/her “leap in behavior” is disconfirmed; whereas, in the simple bind, the new response is rewarded. “In other words, the double bind is a simple bind that is continually imposed, and then continually lifted” (p. 64). Hoffman offers the example of a teenager whose mother exhorts him to behave in a more mat...
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This document was uploaded on 04/03/2014.

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