sg_chpt4

Fisch parsimonious technique fisch argues that a very

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Unformatted text preview: father and smokes, he supports his mother. Thus, the son is caught in the mirror-image struggle. Fulweiler’s strategy was to use blocking maneuvers to disrupt the sequence. He used a technique in which he entered and exited the therapy session without warning. At first entrance he first helped the mother clarify her position, the second to highlight a marital disagreement, the third to bolster the father’s authority, and the subsequent entrances to stop the father in his role of victim. According to Haley, this family illustrates standard roles: over-involved parent, peripheral parent, with the child as secret agent defying the over-involved parent for the peripheral parent. Fisch: Parsimonious Technique Fisch argues that a very small change in a system can have a wide-reaching effect. He presents a case in which parents were having trouble dealing with their children, one of whom they characterized as willful and obstinate and the other as well behaved. They also characterized their marriage as loving and close. The mother got into daily battles with the daughter and the father would intervene to subdue the daughter. Fisch told the parents they were having trouble controlling their daughter because they were too predictable and instructed the father to give his daughter a penny during the next motherdaughter battle. The surprising intervention was aimed at interrupting the dysfunctional sequence. A covert mirror-image disagreement that had been hidden before the intervention emerged when the mother expressed little hope for her impossible daughter, while the father held higher expectations. In this type of intervention the therapist creates confusion aimed at breaking the cycle and uncovering mirror-image disagreements that have been hidden. In sum, Hoffman illustrates several ways to encourage first-order change, where possible, by giving the family a little push, offering advice, or suggesting alternative behaviors. Where second-order change is necessary, therapists might escalate positive feedback loops, increase stress, create therapeutic confusion and interrupt, and alter ri...
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This document was uploaded on 04/03/2014.

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