If the husband finds giving the gift unpleasant

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Unformatted text preview: qual, parenting partner. Haley’s earlier therapy was also characterized by the use of ordeals (Nichols & Schwartz, 1998). Ordeals are directives that are aimed at making the symptom harder to keep than give up. The ordeal requires the clients to do something they do not want to do, but is something that would benefit them in some way. (A husband might be instructed to give a present to a brother-in-law with whom he does not get along each time the symptom occurs. If the husband finds giving the gift unpleasant enough, the symptom will disappear and the relationship might improve as well.) Like all directives, ordeals are aimed not only at symptom relief but also family restructuring. The most recent Haley – Madanes therapy model, strategic humanism, is “more oriented toward increasing family members’ ability to soothe and love than to gain control over one another” (Nichols & Schwartz, 1998, p. 374). Madanes has separately elaborated her own theories and strategies. ♦♦♦♦♦ Madanes, C. (1980). Protection, paradox and pretending. Family Therapy Process, Vol. 19, 73 – 85. While still considered a strategic therapist because of her approach to solving problems within families, Madanes (1980) proposes a structural explanation for psychopathology in children. In a well-functioning family, parents are hierarchically superior to their children and can usually “pull themselves Chapter 4: Strategic & Systemic together” to help their child, even if there is a marital conflict or if one parent is struggling with an issue. In dysfunctional families, the child has become hierarchically superior to one or both parents, a powerful but detrimental position. He/she becomes a benevolent protector of the parents’ by taking on symptoms, causing the parents to focus on the child’s behavior rather than their own problems. The child and one parent may form a coalition against the other parent or a grandparent — a structural misalignment referred to as triangulation. The child’s problem behavior provides a bond that holds the parents together. Conflict between the parents, or even family issue...
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This document was uploaded on 04/03/2014.

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