sg_chpt4

There are both negative and positive feedback loops

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Unformatted text preview: anisms or cycles of interactions through which information is returned to the system and exerts an influence on it. There are both negative and positive feedback loops. Negative Feedback Loops are ways that families correct a deviation in family functioning so as to return it to a previous state of homeostasis. Positive Feedback Loops (Deviation Amplification) arise as a family attempts to add new information into the system. This can occur as a part of the growth process or increasing levels of complexity. Positive feedback loops are assumed to be responsible for the development of problems in families as they attempt solutions that worsen or maintain the problem. For example, if a child misbehaves, i.e., deviates from the norm (the family problem) because he is jealous of a new sibling and the father responds with harsh or punishing behavior (an attempted solution), it confirms the child’s belief that he is loved less, and his behavior worsens (the deviation is amplified). MRI interventions would be aimed at changing the pattern of interaction so that the father could help the child calm his behavior and show him that he is not loved less. Assessment and Treatment Assessment consists of determining the feedback loops and that govern the faulty behavior patterns by observing repetitive patterns of family interactions. Treatment is usually limited to 10 sessions, which sets up a “powerful expectation for change” (Nichols & Schwartz, 1998, p. 368). The changes that occur through treatment are classified as first-order change or second-order change. First-Order Change. Family patterns of interaction or sequences are altered at the behavioral level only. Second-Order Change. The family rules or underlying beliefs or premises that govern family members’ behavior or promote specific reactions are altered. In the above example, two of the father’s beliefs (that children should never show disrespect and that the child’s behavior is disrespectful) may need to be changed. Family rules may be changed by the technique of...
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This document was uploaded on 04/03/2014.

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