Insulin glucagon olike growth hormone ther hormones

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Unformatted text preview: ulin Glucagon Olike growth hormone ther hormones Hyperglycemia Normoglycemia Hypoglycemia Hyperglycemia Normoglycemia Hypoglycemia Hyperglycemia Insulin produced when there is too much glucose in the blood and causes that glucose to be stored blood glucose concentration goes back to normal levels Hyperglycemia Insulin Hyperglycemia Normoglycemia Insulin ‘Storage’ most potent agents we know hormone (anabolic) one of the Responds to increased blood glucose concentration Operates via a receptor Insulin receptor Insulin like growth factor receptor (GH) Post receptor pathways in cells. receptor is on the cell membrane of many cells pathway is very complex pathway is affected in diabetes induces cells to undergo mitosis Insulin - functions Most potent anabolic known. Mitogenic Metabolic functions Muscle helps build muscle tissues and decrease fat levels transmembrane transport of glucose for energy and glycogen formation Amino acid uptake and protein synthesis, prevents breakdown Adipocytes lipid synthesis and prevents breakdown POST ABSORPTIVE Normal glucose metabolism Brain Liver Red Cells Glycogenolysis Gluconeogenesis Muscle Intestines Adipose tissue POST PRANDIAL Brain Red Cells Liver Glycogenolysis Gluconeogenesis Muscle Intestines Adipose tissue same amount of glucose is always taken up by brain and red blood cells remainder gets taken up by muscles and adipose tissue two types of diabetes insipidus mellitus glucourine - glucose in urine Diabetes Diabetes...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2014 for the course PATH 3610 taught by Professor Foster during the Winter '07 term at University of Guelph.

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