Final IDs - -Gens-de-couleur-This term described people of mixed race in the French colonies at a time when racial categories were still shifting and

Final IDs - -Gens-de-couleur-This term described people of...

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-Gens-de-couleur
-This ter
m descr
ibed people of mixed r
ace in the Fr
ench colonies at a time when r
acial categor
ies wer
e still shifting and har
dening.-Opium war
s-1839-1842 War
 fought between the Br
itish and Qing China over
 Br
itish tr
ade in opium; r
esulted in the gr
anting to the Br
itish the r
ight to tr
ade in five differ
ent por
ts and the ceding of Hong Kong to the Br
itish-Napoleonic Code-legal code dr
afted by Napoleon in 1804; it distilled differ
ent legal tr
aditions to cr
eate one unifor
m law. The code confir
med the abolition of feudal pr
ivileges of all kinds and set the conditions for
 exer
cising pr
oper
ty r
ights, means that ther
e is a law code applicable to the nation and all colonies as a whole-de Gouges, Declar
ation of the Rights of Women and the Female Citizen-This 1791 document declar
ed that women should have the same civil r
ights as men. Pr
oposed r
ights to divor
ce, hold pr
oper
ty in mar
r
iage, be educated and have public car
eer
s-Fr
eder
ick Douglass, “What to the Slave is the Four
th of July?” 1852, contr
asts the fr
eedom and natur
al r
ights extolled in the Declar
ation of Independence and celebr
ated of the Four
th of July with the dehumanizing condition and lack of fr
eedom of Afr
ican Amer
ican slaves-Toussaint L’Over
tur
e-in the 1790s, led the slaves of the Fr
ench colony of Saint Domingue (Haiti) in the wor
ld’s lar
gest and most successful slave insur
r
ection. He embr
aced the pr
inciples of the Fr
ench Revolution and demanded that univer
sal r
ights be applied to people of Afr
ican descent-Industr
ious r
evolution-This “r
evolution” is widely known as the foundation for
 the Industr
ial Revolution. Dr
amatic economic change in which households that had tr
aditionally pr
oduced for
 themselves decided to wor
k har
der
 and longer
 hour
s in or
der
 to pr
oduce mor
e for
 the mar
ket, which enabled them to incr
ease their
 income and standar
d of living. Ar
eas that under
went the industr
ious r
evolution shifted fr
om peasant far
ming to specialized pr
oduction for
 the mar
ket-Bour
geoisie-the middle class. In Eur
ope, they sought to be r
ecognized not by bir
th or
 title, but by capital and pr
oper
ty-Wahhabism-This r
eligious movement began in Saudi Ar
abia in the eighteenth centur
y and sought to r
efor
m Islam. Ear
ly 18thcentur
y r
efor
m movement or
ganized by Muhammad Ibn abd al-Wahhab, who pr
eached the absolute oneness of Allah and a r
etur
n to the pur
e Islam of Muhammad-Hong Xiuquan-Chinese Chr
istian pr
ophet who believed he was the younger
 br
other
 of Jesus. 19thcentur
y, led to Taiping Rebellion-if they would have won and over
thr
own the Qing, it would have changed the cour
se of Chinese and wor
ld histor
y, mor
e women’s

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