ap gov chap 3

ap gov chap 3 - Dana Hopkins Chapter 3: Federalism page 48...

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Dana Hopkins Chapter 3: Federalism page 48 a. Biggest problem is the relationship between National and state government 1. Slavery- some states wanted it some didn’t 2. Regulation of Business 3. Provision of social welfare programs 4. “national” interests vs. “states rights” b. Devolution- the current effort to scale back size and activities of nat gov and to shift for a wide range of domestic programs from Washington to the states: welfare, health care, job training c. Block grants- money from the national gov for programs in certain general areas that the states can use at their discretion within guidelines set by congress. 1. Governmental Structure i. Federalism- political system in which there are local (territorial, regional, provincial, state or municipal) units of gov as well as a nat gov that can make final decisions ii. Local units are to decentralize administrative burns of governing 1. Not fed unless local units exist independent of nat gov and can make own decisions on some matters iii. U.S., Canada, Australia, India, Germany, Switzerland =fed systems iv. France, GB, Italy, Sweden = unitary systems v. The point of federalism is to create separate, self sustaining centers of power, prestige, profit vi. Political power is (locally) acquired by those who want to satisfy local interests b. Federalism: Good or Bad? i. Some think that federalism is all about allowing states to block action, prevent progress, upset national plans, protect local interests (William H. Riker) ii. The main effect has been to continue racism iii. Some think that it is about lying in its ability to develop and maintain mechanisms vital to perpetuation of unique combination for gov strength, political flex and ind liberty (Daniel J. Elazar) iv. France—a group could not have blocked civil rights legis for as long as southern senators blocked it in U.S. but it would have been difficult for another group to block plans to operate a nuclear power plant in neighborhood as it has been done here but unable to be done in France v. Riker condemns federalism—fact that in some places the ruling factions in cities and states opposed granting equal rights vi. Elazar praises federalism—in other states and cities ruling factions have taken lead in developing measures to protect enviro, civil rights, social conditions
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ap gov chap 3 - Dana Hopkins Chapter 3: Federalism page 48...

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