In what ways did the regional geography influence the

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Unformatted text preview: the world’s earliest civilizations? 3. What general conclusions can you draw about the differences in the political and intellectual outlooks of the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia? Compare especially Egyptian and Mesopotamian religious views. In what ways did the regional geography influence the religious outlooks of these two civilizations? 4. Why were the Assyrians so successful in establishing their Near Eastern Empire? How did their empire differ from that of the Hittites or Egyptians? In what ways did this empire benefit the civilized Middle East? Why did the Assyrian Empire ultimately fail to survive? 5. How does the early history of Indian civilization differ from that of the river valley civilizations of China, Mesopotamia, and Egypt? What does the evidence suggest were the social, economic, and political differences between the Indus civilization and the Vedic Aryan civilization? 6. What were the stages of early Chinese history? What led each to evolve toward the next? 7. From the appearance of civilization in the Americas, what can you conclude about the factors that give rise to it? Key Terms Aryans (AIR-yuhns) (p. 23) culture (p. 2) Bronze Age (p. 8) civilization (p. 8) cuneiform (koo-NAY-form) (p. 10) Note: To learn more about the topics in this chapter, please turn to the Suggested Readings at the end of the book. For additional sources related to this chapter, please see MyHistoryLab. CRAIMC01_001-039hr.qxp 8/12/10 3:57 PM Page 39 Chapter 1 The Birth of Civilization Connections Reinforce what you learned in this chapter by studying the many documents, images, maps, review tools, and videos available at Read and Review Great Temple of Abu Simbel, p. 18 Egyptian Relief of Anubis, p. 19 Scene from the Egyptian Afterlife, p. 19 An Inscribed Oracle Bone, p. 31 Study and Review Chapter 1 Read the Document From Hunter-gatherers to Foodproducers–Overcoming Obstacles, p. 2 The Development of Religion in Primitive Cultures, p. 3 The Toolmaker (3300 B.C.E.), p. 6 The Neolithic Village, p. 6 Redefining Self—From Tribe to Village to City 1500 B.C.E., p. 6 Two Accounts of an Egyptian Famine 2600s B.C.E., p. 8 Sumerian Law Code: The Code of Lipit-Ishtar, p. 10 Excerpts from The Epic of Gilgamesh, p. 12 Workings of Ma’at: “The Tale of the Eloquent Peasant”, p. 16 The Report of Wenamun, p. 18 Papyrus of Ani, The Egyptian Book of the Dead c. 1200 B.C.E., p. 19 Hittite Law Code: excerpts from The Code of the Nesilim, p. 21 Excerpt from Mahábhárata (1000-600 B.C.E.), p. 27 Shih, from The Shih-Ching, p. 32 See the Map The Beginnings of Food Production, p. 3 Egypt in the Middle Kingdom, p. 17 Egypt in the New Kingdom, p. 18 Empire of Assiria, ca. 1800 B.C.E., p. 22 The Neo-Babylonian Empire, ca. 580 B.C.E., p. 23 The Shang Kingdom, p. 31 Watch the Video Geography and Civilization: Egypt and Mesopotamia–Impact of Agriculture?, p. 8 Ramses II’s Abu Simbel, p. 18 The Temple of Karnak, p. 19 Research and Explore See the Map Prehistoric Human Migration Patterns: From 1 million to 15,000 years ago, p. 3 See the Map Ancient China, p. 30 View the Image Hammurabi Receives His Law Code from the Gods, p. 10 The Pyramids at Giza, p. 17 The Sphinx, p. 17 Egyptian Throne of Tutankhamun, 1333–1323 B.C.E., p. 18 Hear the Audio Hear the audio file for Chapter 1 at 39...
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