Olmec civilization thrived between 1500 and 800 bce

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Unformatted text preview: e, the narCity, was excavated at San Lorenzo. Carved of south somewhat later. Other important row coastal plain is one of the driest deserts basalt, it may be a portrait of an Olmec ruler. Olmec civilization thrived between 1500 and 800 B.C.E. foods were potatoes (developed in the in the world. The Andes rise abruptly from Andes), manioc, squash, beans, pepthe coastal plain and then descend gradupers, and tomatoes. Many of these foods entered the diet of ally into the Amazon basin to the east. Agriculture is possible Europeans, Asians, and other peoples after the European conon the coast only in the valleys of the many rivers that flow quest of the Americas in the sixteenth century C.E. from the Andes into the Pacific. The earliest monumental arEventually four areas of relatively dense settlement chitecture in the Andean region, built on the coast at the site emerged in the Americas. One of these, in the Pacific Northof Aspero by people who depended on a combination of agriwest in the area around Puget Sound, depended on the region’s culture and the Pacific’s rich marine resources, dates to about extraordinary abundance of fish rather than on agriculture; this 2750 B.C.E., contemporary with the Great Pyramids of Egypt’s Old Kingdom. area did not develop urbanized states. Another was the MissisFrom 800 to 200 B.C.E. a civilization associated with the sippi valley, where, based on maize agriculture, the inhabitants site of Chavín de Huantar in the highlands of Peru exerted developed a high level of social and political integration that great influence in the Andes. Artifacts in the distinctive Chavín had collapsed several centuries before European contact. The style can be found over a large area dating to this period, which other two, Mesoamerica and the Andean region of South archaeologists call the Early Horizon. In many areas, this was a America, saw the emergence of strong, long-lasting states. In time of technical innovation, including pottery, textiles, and other regions with maize agriculture and settled village life— metallurgy. Whether the spread of the Chavín style represents notably the North American Southwest—food supplies might have been too insecure to support the development of states. Chapter 13 examines Mesoamerican and Andean civilization in detail. Here we give only a brief overview of their development. Mesoamerica, which extends from the central part of modern Mexico into Central America, is a reEarly Civilizations of Mesoamerica gion of great geographical diversity, Hear the Audio 1500–400 B.C.E. The Olmecs ranging from tropical rain forest to at MyHistoryLab.com semiarid mountains (see Map 1–8). Ar200–750 C.E. The Classic period in central Mexico. chaeologists traditionally divide its preconquest history into Dominance of Teotihuacán in the three broad periods: Pre-Classic or Formative (2000 Valley of Mexico and Monte Alban in B.C.E.–150 C.E.), Classic (150–900 C.E.), and Post-Classic the Valley of O...
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This document was uploaded on 04/03/2014.

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