central line infection prevention.docx - Running head...

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 6 pages.

Running head: CENTRAL LINE INFECTION 1 Central Line Infection Prevention (Student Name) (Institution Affiliation)
CENTRAL LINE INFECTION 2 Central Line Infection Prevention Intensive Care Units (ICU) usually employ diagnostic measures and invasive devices for the betterment of the patients, but these devices can cause healthcare-associated infections (HAI). Critically ill patients are usually required to be treated with Central Venous Catheters (CVC). A Central Line or Central Venous Catheter is a tube that is used for providing fluids and medication to the patients and for collecting blood samples for testing. It is usually inserted in to a major vein that is close to the heart, such as that of neck, chest, or groin. Infections occur when pathogens, such as Coagulase-negative staphylococci, enterococci, E. Coli and Staphylococcus aureus, enter the bloodstream through the catheter. Central line associated blood stream infections (CLABSI) are tremendously significant. CLABSI is an ongoing issue in health care departments, resulting in thousands of deaths each year and billions of dollars of healthcare expenses. Central line associated bloodstream infections are preventable, but they are still frequent and have a high mortality rate of 12%-25%. Studies indicate that around 250,000 to 500,000 cases of central line associated blood stream infections occur every year with a mortality rate of 10 to 30% (Perin, Erdmann, Higashi, & Sasso, 2016). Search Methodology Peer-reviewed scholarly journal articles were selected for this literature review from online databases. It was ensured that the articles which were selected were not published for more than 5 years. The databases used for the search included: NCBI, Medline, CDC and Google Scholar. Only the articles which were directly related to central line infection’s prevention were considered. It was also ensured that all the articles were published in nursing journals and

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture