violence_video_speech - EBSCOhost EBSCO Publishing Citation...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10/10/13 EBSCOhost web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.pvamu.edu/ehost/delivery?sid=612a58d7-e473-4a54-b2cc-afc9eb8d1642%40sessionmgr4&vid=11&hid=18 1/12 EBSCO Publishing Citation Format: AMA (American Medical Assoc.): NOTE: Review the instructions at http://support.ebsco.com/help/?int=ehost&lang=&feature_id=AMA and make any necessary corrections before using. Pay special attention to personal names, capitalization, and dates. Always consult your library resources for the exact formatting and punctuation guidelines. Reference List Levin D, Carlsson-Paige N. Marketing Violence: The Special Toll on Young Children of Color. Journal Of Negro Education [serial online]. Fall2003 2003;72(4):427-437. Available from: Academic Search Complete, Ipswich, MA. Accessed October 10, 2013. <!--Additional Information: Persistent link to this record (Permalink): http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.pvamu.edu/login.aspx? direct=true&db=a9h&AN=12941872&site=ehost-live End of citation--> Author: Carlsson-Paige, Nancy Title: Marketing Violence: The Special Toll on Young Children of Color Source: J Negro Educ; Fall 2003; 72, 4; pg. 427-437 ISSN: 0022-2984 Publisher: Howard University © 2003 Copyright Howard University . Provided by ProQuest LLC. All Rights Reserved. Ever since the regulation of children's television in the 1980s, marketing violence to children through the media has become increasingly prevalent. The violent programs themselves, as well as the toys, video games, and other products linked to them, glorify violence, undermine play, and portray racial stereotypes. While these practices harm all young children, they present a special risk for children of color because of how racial messages are linked to violence in the shows. This situation is especially worrisome for young children of color who are disproportionately represented among low-income children, consume more hours of media per day, and have many other risk factors undermining their healthy development. Young children growing up today spend an enormous amount of time consuming media. Two- to seven-year-olds now average over three hours a day of "screen time" on such activities as watching TV and playing video games (Rideout, Foehr, Roberts, & Brodie, 1999). And when they are not sitting in front of a screen, children are often engaged in play with toys linked to the media (Carlsson-Paige & Levin, 1990). Over the last 20 years, children have increasingly become a consumer group to be marketed to through the media. Children see an average of 20,000 advertisements per year (Strasburger & Donnerstein, 1999). Beyond just advertisements, they are exposed to television shows, video and computer games, Hollywood movies, the Internet, and media-linked toys that market single themes through media cross-feeding and effectively become
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
10/10/13 EBSCOhost web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.pvamu.edu/ehost/delivery?sid=612a58d7-e473-4a54-b2cc-afc9eb8d1642%40sessionmgr4&vid=11&hid=18 2/12 advertisements for each other (McChesney, 1999; Seabrook, 1997). This kind of marketing has successfully created a childhood media culture that touches almost all aspects of children's lives.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern