ARH 312 Notes - February 28, 2008

ARH 312 Notes - February 28, 2008 - ARH 312 Notes February...

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ARH 312 Notes – February 28, 2008 Islamic art and Architecture Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, 691 1. Caliphs of the Umayyads chose to use arch and art, as had roman rulers, as a means of establishing their stature and ideals. a. Umayyad were not close relatives of Muhammad, but were from holy city of mecca. b. Earliest mosque has been lost but dome of the rock is a statement of political and religious ambition. 2. Built to rival the chirch of the sepulcher. 3. Structure a. Domed octagonal building. i. Draws upon roman imperial mausolea and Byzantine martyria. b. Wide double ambulatories divide central feature, the foundation rock. c. Inner colonaide consists of 16 double arches on round columns punctuated by four square piers. d. Outer is similar but with square pier interspersed with round columns. e. Interior Byzantine decorations and inscriptions speaks to the faithful in the church telling them to pray and reject false teachings of Christianity such as trinity. Muslims believe in one God.
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ARH 312 Notes - February 28, 2008 - ARH 312 Notes February...

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