Chapter 17

Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 High Renaissance Art in Italy...

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Chapter 17 – High Renaissance Art in Italy Leonardo and New St. Peter’s Leonardo Da Vinci Born in Vinci Trained by Andrea del Verrocchio Shows him as more of a scientist than a painter Leonardo da Vinci, the Virgin of the Rock, c. 1485 Separation of different centuries o High renaissance (cinquecento) – Leonardo da Vinci Observed nature 3 rd age of painting Overlaps between 15 th and 16 th centuries Subject – Virgin and child, St. John the Baptist, and an angel Pyramidal composition o People are arranged in a pyramid shape o Key element in high renaissance art Everyone is interacting o Through gesture o Psychologically and emotionally related Environment o Smoky haze (sfumato) Created by oil painting Translucent glazes (smoky light effect) o Chiaroscuro (light/dark) The way an artist alternates between light and shadows Leonardo da Vinci, Last Supper, ca. 1495-1498, fresco (oil and tempera on plaster), Refectory, Santa Maria del Grazie, Milan Experimented with different mediums (tempera and fresco) Ludovico Sforza – duke of Milan Work itself is a familiar scene o Like most other 15 th century “Last Suppers” Judas is left out Composition o Centralized triangle o People are grouped in 4 groups od 3 o Christ Vanishing point Framed by window behind him o Judas Don’t connect with vanishing point Controlled chaos o High renaissance idea
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Andrea del Castagno, Last Supper, refectory, monastery of Sant’ Apollonia, Florence, 1477 Leonardo da Vinci, Mona Lisa, 1503-1505 Da Vinci wasn’t the one who named it Mona Lisa (didn’t name it) o Mona is contraction of madonna (my lady) o Vasari – said to be someone’s wife (lisa) ¾ pose o Can see down to her waist o Portrait was cut off to fit in frame better Technique o No eyebrows o Veil – shows powers of translucency Atmosphere o Similar to Madonna of the Rocks (sfumato) New St. Peters Donato Bramante, Tempietto, courtyard of San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, c. 1504 For King Ferdinand and Queen Isabelle (ones who Columbus sailed for) Martyrium o Commemorates where a saint was martyred Architecture o A circle within a perfect square (central plan) o Tuscon Doric order Developed in renaissance to improve on Greek architecture Strong and masculine architecture Leonardo da Vinci “Vitruvian Man”, ca. 1492 Said if you extended a person’s arms and legs you could draw a perfect circle and square Shows balance of universe and man Donato Bramante, Plan for New St. Peter’s, Rome, ca. 1505 Old St. Peters o Latin cross plan – longer nave than transept o Built by Constantine o Became model for all future Christian basilicas Greek cross plan – transept and nave are of equal length
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Chapter 17 - Chapter 17 High Renaissance Art in Italy...

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