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Anthropology Midterm #1 Essay

20th century anthropologists also promoted fieldwork

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Unformatted text preview: ctured Azande's whole society. The life of the society revolves greatly around these rituals, magical beliefs, and ceremonies that it cannot be proven or disproven. Because of the deep meaning of witchcraft in this society, E.P. Prichard realized that what is rational in any culture can differ. Witchcraft is not about irrational belief, but it's an expressed rational practice. This was the thinking that 20th century anthropologist sided on. E.P also expressed that fieldwork required immersing themselves with the actual culture. As he did in his field work, he lived in the huts made by the Azande and learned to speak their language. This was a groundbreaking way to do fieldwork research for 20th century anthropologists. In conclusion, 19th century anthropologists saw primitive people as savages and untouched by technological and economical growth, however 20th century anthropologists believed these people actually have adapted in their own societies. 20th century anthropologists also promoted fieldwork that requires immersing yourself to the culture to get a better understanding of the people and their lifestyle. 2. Compare Patterns in making living between ‘Hunting and Gathering’ societies and ‘Horticultural’ (Gardening) societies. Address how making a living shapes social relations, health and peoples relation to the land. There are significant differences between hunting and gathering societies and Horticultural societies. In hunting and gathering societies they rely on hunting animals and gathering food daily to...
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