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Anthropology Midterm #1 Essay

If food got scarce they could leave until they found

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Unformatted text preview: support their tribe. In horticultural societies, they usually have larger reliance on livestock and harvest and work on feeding animals and planting seeds. In this essay, I will compare the hunting and gathering society on topics such as social relations, health and their relationship to their lands. John Marshall did a study on N!ai, a woman from the !Kung society in South West Africa. In hunting and gathering societies, such as the !Kung, their unit of family is usually small, because they are a nomadic culture and move constantly. Their social relations is divided with the males doing the hunting, and the females doing the gathering. They are usually arranged marriage because marriage is a form of union between two families, not due to love. Health was rather good. In the interview of N!ai, she explained how if there was disease, their tribe would leave the land and therefore her people would not get sick. However, since their society have been restricted on a reservation site, their people are stricken with disease, especially TB. Before, health issues never occurred when they lived more nomadically, however, now they rely on white people to provide medicine. The people themselves had a deep understanding of the land. The females gather harvest such as nuts, berries, plants, insects and wild coffee. The males would hunt and track animals for several days before returning to their home. If food got scarce, they could leave until they found land with good amounts of resources. However, with the...
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